Medicine

Coffee and plant-based diets linked to lower heart failure risk

Coffee and plant-based diets linked to lower heart failure risk

Those studies were the Cardiovascular Heart Study and the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study.

This news release is featured in an 8 a.m. PT news briefing on Sunday, Nov. 12, 2017.

Everyone can decrease their risk of stroke and heart failure just by drinking an extra cup of coffee a week, according to new research.

Kyla Lara at Mount Sinai Hospital in NY and her team have analysed data on diet and heart health from more than 15,000 people over the age of 45. For coffee drinkers, every 8-ounce cup per day reduced these risks by 7%, 8% and 5%, respectively, compared to people who didn't drink coffee.

Machine learning works by finding associations within data, 'much in the same way that online shopping sites predict products you may like based on your shopping history, and is one type of big data analysis, ' Stevens said.

The findings about coffee consumption came about after re-analysing data from the Framingham Heart Study, a long-running USA investigation of heart disease risk factors involving thousands of participants.

They believe men who have two or three cups a day are 18 per cent less likely to die young compared with those who don't and women eight per cent. Overall participants, who were involved from 2003 to 2007 and followed through to 2013, included 15,569 patients without previously diagnosed heart failure or coronary artery disease.

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"Our findings suggest that machine learning could help us identify additional factors to improve existing risk assessment models".

Stevens says her team intends to use similar analyses to determine if compounds like caffeine may explain the association with heart health observed in this study.

Heart failure is a potentially fatal condition that occurs when the heart is too weak to pump blood efficiently around the body.

The machine result also pointed to red meat being a risk factor in heart failure and stroke, but due to differing definitions of red meat, they could not draw the same conclusion across all three studies. In this case, red meat consumption was identified as a potential risk factor, although here, the correlation was less striking. "By including coffee in the model, the prediction accuracy increased by 4 percent". Carsten Görg implemented the experiment with the help of machine learning technology along with the conventional data analysis technologies to unwrap a counter relationship lies between the ratio of coffee drunk in a week and the chances of getting stroke and heart failure.

"Eating plenty of fruit and vegetables, cutting down on salt, and maintaining a healthy weight are all important parts of a balanced diet that helps lower the risk of heart disease and stroke", Taylor recommends.

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke - the two leading causes of death in the world. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The Dallas-based association is the nation's oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke.


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