Medicine

Nearly fifty percent of cancer in the U.S. related to lifestyle patterns

Nearly fifty percent of cancer in the U.S. related to lifestyle patterns

But according to new research carried out by the American Cancer Society, that number could potentially be cut down by nearly half if everyone simply made some very basic lifestyle changes.

Nearly half of cancer diagnoses in the US are linked to preventable causes, with smoking, excess body weight and alcohol consumption the most common risk factors, according to a new study. Smoking rates have plummeted, for example, while obesity rates have risen dramatically.

Based on federal data, researchers found that in 2014, 42 percent of all diagnosis and 45 percent of all deaths were attributed to preventive risk factors. A similar study from 1981 in the United Kingdom showed that almost two-thirds of all cancer deaths were attributable to these same factors.

Over 40% of cancer cases could potentially be prevented by simple lifestyle changes, according to new research from the American Cancer Society. It was published online Tuesday in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

Smoking was the leading risk by far, accounting for 29 percent of deaths. Excess body weight played a role in over 30 percent of all cancers of the gallbladder, liver, kidney and esophagus.

More news: Pouille Ends France's 16-Year Davis Cup Wait

Dr. Farhad Islami, a researcher at the American Cancer Society said, "If people avoid some of these risk factors, they could substantially reduce their risk of many types of cancer".

Richard Clapp, a professor emeritus of environmental health at Boston University, expects the new numbers to be will widely cited and used to make decisions about how to spend money on cancer prevention, just as the influential British study from 1981 by researchers Richard Doll and Richard Peto has been.

Amidst the risk factors cigarette smoking demonstrated to have the most massive coalition with cancer cases at 19 percent and 28.8 percent of cancer deaths.

The authors noted that most cases of the appearance of cancer in humans and death occurred on tobacco.


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