Medicine

Low-fat and low-carb diet equally effective for weight loss

Low-fat and low-carb diet equally effective for weight loss

Common dieting advice urges people to either eat fewer carbohydrates or less fat in order to shed weight.

In the battle between low-carb and low-fat diets, there are only losers. Counting calories is useless if you're still eating highly processed foods.

"This is the road map to reducing the obesity epidemic in the United States", said Mozaffarian, who was not involved in the new study. "It's time for the USA and other national policies to stop focusing on calories and calorie counting".

This new study showed no significant difference when filtering for such factors. It was a large and expensive trial, carried out on more than 600 people with $8 million in funding from the National Institutes of Health, the Nutrition Science Initiative and other groups. During the research, the participants, both men and women distributed equally were randomly assigned and instructed to follow either a healthy low-carb or a healthy low-fat diet for a year. But a study Tuesday found neither approach is better than the other.

Gardner designed the study with fellow researchers to examine how overweight and obese people would compare when consuming low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets. Rather, they sat through 22 health education classes, where they learned how to shop, cook and dine nutritiously.

The participants were encouraged to meet the federal guidelines for physical activity but did not generally increase their exercise levels, Gardner said.

"Those were huge changes from what they had at baseline", says Gardner.

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The study, which was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, discovered that both diets led to the participants losing a similar amount of weight. The weight changes ranged from a reduction of 60 pounds to a gain of 15. They also found no relationship between weight fluctuation and a participant's DNA testing. These results suggest that "precision medicine is not as important as eating mindfully [and] getting rid of packaged, processed food", said lead author Christopher Gardner.

The bigger takeaway from the study, then, seems to be that any eating program that curbs your intake of refined carbs and added sugars while prioritizing vegetables, proteins, and whole grains can help you lose weight.

We even do customized reports for our customers; we can add the list of manufacturers or application type or product types that you need in the report. "And those low-carb chips - don't buy them, because they're still chips and that's gaming the system'". The startling insights came as a surprise to many. All you have to do is properly select all the good fats and use them wisely. "We've had to do that so many times in the past'". The evidence suggest that after a promising start of the diet, people regain the weight they lost. Blood cholesterol including LDL cholesterol was significantly lowered in the HLF diet but triglycerides were lowered in both groups. On average, the members of the low-carb group lost just over 13 pounds, while those in the low-fat group lost about 11.7 pounds.

The researchers took DNA samples from each subject and analyzed a group of genetic variants that influence fat and carbohydrate metabolism. "Instead of asking what's the best diet, we should look at what's the best diet for whom?" Surprisingly, they did not, Gardner said, which was somewhat disappointing.

"[The] point we hit home all the time was quality", says Gardner. According to Frank Hu, nutrition chief at Harvard's School of Public Health, the study wasn't a comprehensive test of all gene variations that might affect a person's reaction to certain diets.

"The bottom line: Diet quality is important for both weight control and long-term well-being", he said.

" I think if we really focused on [decreasing or eliminating] added sugar and refined grain, [and if] we work with some of favorite chefs to make vegetables even more unapologetically delicious, a lot of the debate would go away", he added. He recommends tossing out refined flours, potatoes and sugars and stocking up on fruits, beans and minimally processed whole grains.


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