Medicine

Cancer group recommends new screening age

Cancer group recommends new screening age

As the New York Times noted past year, a person who was born in 1950 had a three in a million risk of developing colon cancer in their twenties, compared with a five per million risk for someone born in 1990.

The American Cancer Society now recommends adults as young as 45 get screened because studies suggest younger people are at higher risk than previously thought.

"Each individual is different and so the tests that they can do or the screening they can do is based on their family history, their lifestyle, and the doctor can help recommend which test is best for them", Carmen Hathaway, the community development manager for the American Cancer Society's North Central Region, said.

On Wednesday, the American Cancer Society updated its guidelines for colorectal cancer screenings. He said both men and women should be screened.

"This can appeal to the many Americans ages 45 to 50 that the new American Cancer Colorectal Cancer Screening Guidelines recommend to be screened".

"In people born more recently, they're at four times the risk for rectal cancer than people born in the '50s (at the same age), for example, and double the risk of colon cancer", he said. "It's what we call a birth cohort effect". And researchers don't yet know why it's happening. Even though that initial screening comes at an earlier age, he says it doesn't automatically mean it will be a colonoscopy. Other qualified recommendations include screening through age 75 years for average-risk adults; individualized CRC screening decisions for those aged 76 to 85 years; and discouraging adults aged ≥85 from continuing CRC screening.

Based on their review and that simulation modeling, the researchers identified efficient strategies for screening starting at age 45. The American College of Radiology (ACR) has issued a statement of its own, highlighting the benefits of virtual colonoscopy, an ACS-approved colorectal cancer screening method.

One of those younger colorectal cancer patients is Lari Johnston of Chicago, who's now 50. With early detection, these cancers have high cure rates. "That's something you specifically talk about with your doctor".

Also, talk to your doctor to schedule a screening, or call 311 for information on where you can get free or low-priced screenings.

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Outside of the cost and the frequency in which a test is recommended to be done, "all these tests are approximately equal in their value and can be offered", Wender said. "The evidence is now absolutely clear, and I can't emphasize how carefully this was done". More than 50,000 will die this year.

What explains the rise in colorectal cancer?

"The rates of screening right now under the age of 50 are negligible". "This appears to be a real phenomenon". They drink and smoke less, but they have higher obesity rates, which increases the risk for colorectal cancers.

Consuming red meat, processed meat and alcoholic beverages, among other factors, could increase the risk of colorectal cancer. Barfield added it's important to pay attention to any symptoms, including bleeding, blood in the stool, change in bowel habits, or stomach pain.

Indiana University Health oncologist Bert O'Neil says the new guidelines will save lives.

"When they tell you and your wife when you have two young children, "get your life in order". that's a scary point", Kyrkostas told CBS News.

Experts said many primary-care physicians are likely to adopt the new recommendations and begin referring younger patients for screening.

Between the age of 50 and 54 years, all statutory health insurance fund members in Germany are entitled to immunological faecal occult blood testing and, in the case of a suspicious result, to a colonoscopy.


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