Medicine

New York City's mandatory measles vaccine orders trigger lawsuit from parents

New York City's mandatory measles vaccine orders trigger lawsuit from parents

Measles, which is highly contagious, can be entirely prevented through a two-dose vaccine, but the World Health Organisation (WHO) has in recent months sounded the alarm over slipping global vaccination rates.

Fresh outbreaks have hit the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Madagascar, Myanmar, the Philippines, Sudan, Thailand and Ukraine, "causing many deaths - mostly among young children", the World Health Organization said.

The number of measles cases in the US is now at the second-highest level since measles was eliminated in the country in 2000, according to a report released Monday by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

"There were far fewer active cases of measles than 250", the lawsuit said.

The 2019 tally is already the most since 2014, when 667 were reported.

Since the beginning of 2019, 555 cases of measles have been confirmed in the United States, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The CDC recommends two doses of the measles mumps and rubella, or MMR, vaccine for children.

In the year 2000, US health officials announced they had eliminated measles from American life.

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Measles cases rose 300 percent worldwide through the first three months of 2019 compared to the same period previous year, surging to over 112,000 reported cases - and likely many more unreported - the United Nations said Monday, as concern grows over the impact of anti-vaccination stigma.

Infections have also increased in wealthy countries with high overall immunisation rates, such as the United States and Israel.

"By the time you finish reading this, we estimate that at least 40 people - majority children - will be infected by this fast-moving, life-threatening disease", Henrietta Fore, executive director of UNICEF and Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, director general of the World Health Organization, wrote in an opinion piece Monday on CNN.

Most of the NY cases have been unvaccinated people in Orthodox Jewish communities. His research was found to be based on fraudulent data, the study was retracted, and the doctor lost his medical license.

Measles can cause serious long-term harm, to individuals and to the economy.

Before the development of the measles vaccine in the 1960s, the USA recorded almost a half million cases each year, the CDC says. "That's been proven. There is no association whatsoever between the measles vaccine and autism".

Health officials there announced last week that in the neighborhoods affected by the outbreak, anyone who has not had been vaccinated against measles or cannot show evidence of immunity could face a $1,000 fine. "When measles was rampant before the vaccines were available, it was one of the most devastating diseases globally and in the United States". For every 1,000 children who get the disease, the CDC estimated one or two will die from it. "Prior to the 1960's when the vaccine was introduced there were a couple million cases of measles and 400 to 500 deaths a year, thousands and thousands of hospitalizations and a thousand cases of encephalitis [inflammation of the brain]".