Medicine

One in Five Deaths Globally Associated With Poor Diet, Finds New Study

One in Five Deaths Globally Associated With Poor Diet, Finds New Study

In Israel, there were 88.9 deaths per 100,000 people due to dietary-related causes in 2017, down from 254.9 deaths in 1990.

The EAT-Lancet report said that the global population must eat roughly half as much red meat and sugar, and twice as many vegetables, fruits and nuts in order to avert a worldwide obesity epidemic and avoid "catastrophic" climate change. The examine discovered that poor diets had been behind 22-p.c of all grownup deaths in 2017 (10.9 million) - heart problems was the first trigger, with most cancers and diabetes being subsequent in line.

Unhealthy diets are the cause of 11 million preventable deaths every year globally, according to research.

"Poor diet is responsible for more deaths than any other risk factor in the world", he said and added "Our assessment suggests the leading dietary risk factors are high intake of sodium, or low intake of healthy foods, such as whole grains, fruit, nuts and seeds and vegetables". That's 4 million more than those who die each year from diseases related to smoking tobacco.

"The countries with the highest rates of diet-related deaths were Uzbekistan (892 deaths per 100,000 people), Afghanistan, Marshall Islands, Papua New Guinea, and Vanuatu". So, she said that "diet is a risk factor for everybody".

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It also noted the prohibitive costs of the recommended amounts of fruit and vegetables per person per household, which in low-income countries stood at 52 percent of household income, leading to the conclusion that there's room for policy intervention across national and global food systems. For example, the world drank around ten times the recommended amount of sugar-sweetened beverages.

Interestingly enough, it is not the presence of junk food in the diet, but rather the absence of healthier and more nutritious food choices in the diet, which the study deems responsible for this issue. Low intake of whole grains - below 125 grams per day -was found to be a leading dietary risk factor for death and disease in India, the US, Brazil, Pakistan, Nigeria, Russia, Egypt, Germany, Iran, and Turkey.

The authors noted that there were varying levels of data available for each dietary factor, which increases the statistical uncertainty of these estimates. "Our research finds the need for a comprehensive food system intervention to promote the production, distribution, and consumption of healthy foods across nations".

"Thus, adoption of diets emphasizing soy foods, beans and other healthy plant sources of protein will have important benefits for both human and planetary health", he said.


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