World News

Qatar ranks most peaceful country in MENA

Qatar ranks most peaceful country in MENA

Almost a billion people live in areas at high risk from global warming, and about 40 per cent of them are in countries already struggling with conflict, said the Australia-based Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), which compiled the Global Peace Index.

"The Middle East has improved marginally in peacefulness", said Steve Killelea, founder and chief chairman of the IEP.

Peacefulness across the world has improved for the first time in five years, but it is less peaceful than a decade ago, according to a major report.

"Research is clear that changes in the natural environment impose stress on human societies", researchers stated.

More than 2 million Australians live in areas with a high-risk of exposure to the effects of climate change, a report has found.

Eight of the 25 least peaceful countries have 103 million at risk in high climate hazard areas.

Even more people - approximately 122 million - are considered vulnerable in sub-Saharan Africa, the region least able to cope with climate hazards, which could exacerbate climate-related violent conflicts.

"Pacific Islands are going to be massively impacted by rising sea levels", Mr Killelea said, adding that they would be the first affected due to their proximity to the equator.

"We can actually get a much better idea of which countries are most at risk, what are the types of risk and what would be the level of impact before it leads to a break or an implosion within the country".

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The country rose four places compared to last year's Index where it was placed 36th in the world and 7th in Africa. The country is joined at the top of the index by New Zealand, Austria, Portugal, and Denmark.

India, the US, China, Saudi Arabia, and Russian Federation are the top five countries with the largest total military expenditure, it added.

Despite all the violence and conflicts of the world has become, for the first time since 2013, a little more peaceful.

This was partly due to Syria losing its tag as the world's least peaceful country and Iraq showing signs of recovery. The greatest increase in peacefulness occurred in the Russian Federation and Eurasia region, followed by the Middle East and North Africa. In both regions, the number of deaths from conflict declined in Ukraine and Syria respectively.

The region experienced a reduction in population displacement, political terror, deaths from internal and external armed conflicts, terrorism, military spending and armed services personnel - all which contributed to the region's improvement.

"While the conflicts that have dominated the past decade such as in Iraq and Syria have begun to abate, new conflicts have emerged."

The report has vindicated his words that Malawi is and remains a very peaceful country. This is one of the on Wednesday in London, published the Global Peace Index.

On the other hand, positive peace does not mean only the absence of violence, but a presence of justice, institutions and structures preventing it.

External peace is measured by the following: military expenditure as a percentage of GDP, armed services personnel rate, United Nations peacekeeping funding, nuclear and heavy weapons capabilities, weapons exports, refugees and IDPs, neighbouring countries relations, external conflicts fought, and deaths from external conflicts.