Here's a map showing EEE risk levels across MA

Here's a map showing EEE risk levels across MA

There is no specific treatment for these potentially deadly viral infections, and in MA, one human and four animals have died from Eastern equine encephalitis, or EEE. "It is spread through mosquitoes and can also affect people, so taking steps to manage the mosquito population, such as eliminating standing water, will also help prevent EEE and other vector-borne viruses, like West Nile virus".

"As we head into the Labor Day weekend and the month of September people should not forget to bring and use an EPA-approved mosquito repellent for any outdoor activities", said Public Health Commissioner Monica Bharel.

"This positive result confirms that mosquitoes carrying the virus are present in Maine, which is the reason why Maine CDC urges the state's residents and visitors to take precautions to protect themselves and their animals from mosquito bites", said Nirav D. Shah, Director of Maine CDC.

No mosquitoes in Warren County have ever been found to carry the Eastern equine encephalitis virus - until now.

So far, four cases of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) have been confirmed in humans in the state. If outdoor activity is unavoidable, take personal precautions to prevent mosquito bites by following these tips.

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Several horses and a goat have also been confirmed as having contracted the deadly virus in Norfolk County, and a dead bird near Buttonwood Park in New Bedford tested positive for EEE last week. No human vaccine against EEE and WNV infection is available.

This is the first time EEE has been documented in a mammal in Ontario County.

The Maine CDC said signs of EEE in horses include stumbling or poor balance, unusual behavior, and lethargy.

State health officials say in addition to wearing proper clothing and using repellent, MA residents should take steps to keep mosquitoes away from in and around the home. In animals, the fatality rate is 90 percent, and the survivors can have permanent brain damage. Some persons infected with EEE have no obvious symptoms. When outdoors, people should use an EPA-approved insect repellent, wear long-sleeved shirts and trousers, treat clothing with Permethrin and manage mosquitoes around their property.

In humans, those who develop symptoms may experience mild flu-like illness to high fever, headache, stiff neck and decreased consciousness. When you've submitted your account email, we will send an email with a reset code.